Monday Session, 15.3016.30  Wednesday Session, 14.0015.00 



Abstract. From approximation theory, the problem of reconstructing a function from a dataset of images of points in an efficient way has been studied by Adcock and Sui. On the other hand, in the context of differential equations, it is sought to find solutions that cannot be explicitly determined using numerical analysis tools. We will present an approach to estimating solutions of HamiltonJacobi equations related to optimal control problems based on the work of Azmi, Kalise and Kunisch, where they reconstruct the function using polynomials in a way that avoids very high computational costs as the dimension grows. We will also compare, in a practical case, how the use of secondorder information, which can be obtained from the structure of the optimal control problem, helps to achieve a good approximation with a smaller dataset.
Abstract. We consider the problem $div(\alpha(x)\nabla u^{p2}\nabla u)=\lambda u^{q2}u+u^{p^{\star}2}u, u> 0 $ in $\Omega$, $u=0$ on $\partial\Omega, $ where $\Omega$ is a bounded domain in $R^{N}$, $N>p$, $\alpha$ a positive continuous potential on $\bar{\Omega}$, $p^{*}$ the critical Sobolev exponent and $2\leq p\leq q< p^{*}$ and $\lambda$ is a real constant. We prove the existence of some positive solutions which depends, among others, on the behavior of the potential $\alpha(.)$ near its minima, the position of $p^{2}$ with respect to the dimension of the space and on the position of $q$ with respect to some precise values.
Abstract. We consider the flow of Gaussian fields under the cubic Szegő equation, a toy model for dispersionless Hamiltonian dynamics. We show that for a class of Gaussian fields below a critical regularity, the induced measure at almost all times is singular with respect to the initial distribution, but above the critical regularity, the distribution is quasiinvariant under the flow. We introduce a new method to show singularity, first by exhibiting an instantaneous growth of Sobolev norm of the solution (at high frequencies), and then employing an abstract argument to show that such a property cannot hold with positive probability for uncountably many times.
Abstract. We will consider finite difference approximation for solving the nonlocal boundary value problem for twodimensional Poisson equation in a square domain with Dirichlet and double integral boundary conditions. Motivated by some theoretical results we will study the spectrum structure of the corresponding difference eigenvalue problem.
Abstract.
"In this work, we are concerned with the following elliptic equation
$$\left\{\begin{array}{rrl}\Delta u&=& u^{4/(n2)}u/[\ln
(e+u)]^\varepsilon\hbox{ in } \Omega,\\ u&=&0 \hbox{ on }\partial \Omega,
\end{array}
\right.$$
where $\Omega$ is a smooth bounded open domain in $R^n$; $n \ge 4$ and $\varepsilon > 0$. By using a LjapunovSchmidt reduction method, Clapp, Pardo, Pistoia and Saldana proved in [1] that there exists a singlepeak positive solution for small $\varepsilon$. This solution blows up at a nondegenerate critical point of the Robin function as $\varepsilon$ goes to 0.
Here we construct positive as well as changing sign solutions concentrated at several points inside the domain $\Omega$ at the same time. More precisely, we build solutions which blow up (positively or negatively) at distinct points which form a nondegenerate critical point of a function defined explicitly in terms of the Green function and its regular part. Our proof follows the finite reduction method introduced by Bahri, Li and Rey in [2].
(Joint work with M. Ben Ayed and R. Ghoudi)
References:
[1] M. Clapp, R. Pardo, A. Pistoia, A. Saldana, A solution to a slightly subcritical elliptic problem with nonpower nonlinearity, Journal of Diff. Eq. Vol 275, (2021).
[2] A. Bahri, YY. Li and O. Rey, On a variational problem with lack of compactness: The topological effect of the critical points at infinity, Calculus of Variation and Partial Diff. Equa. 3 (1995), 6794.
Abstract. In this poster session we will discuss the asymptotic decay of solutions for equations of the type $$(\Delta)^s u + u = \left(\frac{1}{x^{N\alpha}}*u^{p+1}\right) u^{p} \quad \hbox{in $\mathbb{R}^N$}$$ where $ (\Delta)^s$ denotes the fractional Laplacian, $s \in (0,1)$, and $\frac{1}{x^{N\alpha}}*$ denotes the convolution with the Riesz potential, $\alpha \in (0,N)$. Both the operator and the nonlinearity are thus nonlocal. Here the power $p$ varies in the range $[\frac{\alpha}{N}, \frac{\alpha+2s}{N2s}]$. In the local case $s=1$ it has been shown that the asymptotic decay of $u(x)$ as $x\to +\infty$ hardly changes when $p$ is smaller or greater than $1$: in this doubly nonlocal case, instead, we will see that the interaction of the two nonlocalities generates a different threshold, $p_{s,\alpha}:=\frac{\alpha+2s}{N+2s}$, which verifies $p_{1,\alpha} \neq 1$.
Abstract. We derive the geometric evolution by (horizontal) mean curvature flow of a hypersurface embedded in the 1dimensional Heisenberg group from a formal asymptotic expansion of a nonlocal meanfield equation. This result is obtained by using the anisotropic rescaling induced by the Carnot group structure of the Heisenberg group. This is motivated by the aim of connecting mechanisms at a microscopic (i.e. cellular) level to macroscopic models of image processing through a multiscale approach. This is a joint work with G.Citti (Università di Bologna), N.Dirr (Cardiff University) and F.Dragoni (Cardiff University)
Abstract. We consider two ThomasFermi type variational problems. The first one concerns studying existence and qualitative properties of the minimizers for a Thomas–Fermi type energy functional with non local repulsion involving a convolution with the Riesz kernel and interaction with an external potential. Under mild assumptions on the latter, we establish uniqueness and qualitative properties such as positivity, regularity and decay at infinity of the global minimizer. The second problem concerns the study of optimisers for a Gagliardo–Nirenberg type inequality. Such problem is well understood in connection with KellerSegel models and appears in the study of ThomasFermi limit regimes for the Choquard equations with local repulsion. We establish optimal ranges of parameters for the validity of the inequality, discuss the existence and qualitative properties of the optimisers.
Abstract. Researching the dynamics of microswimmers in Stokes flow has a variety of applications throughout multiple fields. In this work an approach to the low Reynolds number case of the Navier Stokes equation in two dimensions using complex analysis is studied. Specifically, a circular microswimmer modelled by the first two terms in the Blake squirmer model is considered in wedge boundary conditions and equivalent singularities describing the microswimmer are obtained. By transforming the boundary conditions, implicit analytical solutions for the flow field for an arbitrary wedge angle are obtained.
Abstract. The flow of a fluid through a porous medium is clasically described by Darcy’s law. However, it typically applies for sufficiently slow viscous flows, e.g. for flows with small Reynolds number (laminar flows). When the flow is nonDarcian (e.g. turbulent flows), various modifications of Darcy’s law are used to describe it. In the poster we will present one of such models, namely the convective BrinkmanForchheimer equations (CBF). From the mathematical perspective, this model can be seen also as the NavierStokes equations with damping term $u^{r−1}u$, called the absorption term (or the Forchheimer term). We will give an overwiev of some available results for this model. We will also discuss stationary CBF flow through a 2D thin channel. We are interested in existence of solutions of such flows and asymptotic analysis of the model. This is an ongoing project in collaboration with Marko Radulović (University of Zagreb).
Abstract. In this poster, we derive the lower gradient estimate for viscosity solutions of the HamiltonJacobi equation with the convex Hamiltonian depending on the unknown function. We obtain gradient estimates in two different ways.
Abstract. This study concerns the structure of positive solutions to the elliptic problem for the LaneEmden equation on the whole space with a positive forcing term. Under a suitable assumption on the forcing term, we give a complete classification of the unique existence/multiple existence/nonexistence of positive solutions with respect to the size of the forcing term and the exponent of nonlinearity.
Abstract. In this work, we present the results obtained from a problem inspired by conformal scattering in a neighbourhood of spatial and null infinity for the conformal wave equation on the Minkowski spacetime. Moreover, we show how one can prescribe characteristic initial data on past null infinity to guarantee a certain regularity on future null infinity. Some key techniques used in this analysis to construct the estimates are Friedrich’s cylinder at spatial infinity, a Gr¨onwall argument which is nondegenerate at the critical sets and some general theory of symmetric hyperbolic systems. This is work to appear soon on arXiv in collaboration with Grigalius Taujanskas and Juan A. Valiente Kroon (Marajh et al. 2024).
Abstract. In this talk, I will discuss the stability of AlexandrovFenchel inequalities in hyperbolic space. I will give a brief overview of the inequalities and their stability problems. To understand what I mean by stability, I will first discuss it for Isoperimetric inequality, which is a special case of AlexandrovFenchel inequalities. This is joint work with Prof. Dr. Julian Scheuer.
Abstract. Schrödingertype equations model a lot of natural phenomena and their solutions have interesting and important properties. This gives rise to the search for normalised solutions, i.e., when the L²norm is prescribed. Here, I will present results in a mixed regime, that is, when the nonlinear term behaves differently at the origin and at infinity.
Abstract. Recently, a nickeltitaniumbased shapememory alloy which displays good reversibility under thermal cycling was developed by the group of Tomonari Inamura. We attempt to continue the work started by themselves and Francesco Della Porta of modelling the microstructure that appears in the martensitic phase. The key factor distinguishing this alloy from ones with poorer reversibility are that its variants are highly compatible, represented by the satisfaction of a property of matrices known as a triplet condition. Also of interest are the lack of identifiable remnants in the martensite phase of the phase transition from the austenite phase. In light of this, we study the rigidity properties of Sobolev mappings whose gradient lives in a set of matrices satisfying a triplet condition. Furthermore, in order to model the phase transition, we discuss when such mappings are also allowed to have their gradient live in an additional set representing the austenite phase, and determine in particular at least some of the interfaces between the austenite and martensite phases.
Abstract. In our recent work, we establish the horizontal semiconcavity (hsemiconcavity) of the square of CarnotCaratheodory distance from the origin, in a class of Carnot groups. Via HopfLax formula, we apply this property to show hsemiconcavity for the solutions of a class of noncoercive evolutive HamiltonJacobi equations.
Abstract. We study a general class of fully nonlinear boundarydegenerate elliptic or parabolic equations that admit a trivial solution. Although no boundary conditions are posed together with the equations, we show that the operator degeneracy actually generates an implicit boundary condition. Under appropriate assumptions on the degeneracy rate and regularity of the operator, we then prove that there exist no bounded solutions other than the trivial one. Our method is based on the uniqueness arguments for viscosity solutions of state constraint problems for HamiltonJacobi equations.